A Guide to Normal Puppy Veterinary Care

Essential Steps for a Healthy Start

CockerSpaniel.org Volunteer Staff

2/20/20243 min read

1. Veterinary Examination: Scheduling a veterinary examination shortly after bringing your puppy home is essential for establishing a baseline of their health and detecting any underlying issues. During the initial exam, your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination, check for signs of parasites, and discuss vaccination and deworming schedules.

2. Vaccinations: Vaccinations play a crucial role in protecting your puppy against common infectious diseases that can be life-threatening. Your veterinarian will develop a vaccination schedule tailored to your puppy's age, lifestyle, and risk factors. Core vaccines, such as those for distemper, parvovirus, and rabies, are typically recommended for all puppies, while non-core vaccines may be recommended based on your puppy's individual needs.

3. Parasite Control: Puppies are vulnerable to various parasites, including fleas, ticks, intestinal worms, and heartworms. Regular parasite prevention is essential for protecting your puppy's health and preventing infestations. Since intestinal worms are so common in puppies, an initial round of deworming medications may be given as routine puppy care even if your puppy shows no symptoms. Your veterinarian may recommend monthly preventive medications to control parasites and regular fecal examinations to check for intestinal parasites.

4. Spaying or Neutering: Spaying (for females) or neutering (for males) is an important aspect of responsible pet ownership that helps prevent unwanted litters and provides health benefits for your puppy. Your veterinarian can discuss the appropriate timing for spaying or neutering based on your puppy's age, breed, and overall health.

5. Dental Care: Good dental hygiene is essential for your puppy's oral health and overall well-being. Start a dental care routine early by brushing your puppy's teeth regularly and providing dental chews or toys to help prevent plaque and tartar buildup. Your veterinarian can also perform dental exams and cleanings as needed to maintain your puppy's oral health.

6. Nutrition and Diet: Proper nutrition is crucial for your puppy's growth and development. Feed your puppy a balanced and nutritious diet formulated specifically for their age, breed size, and nutritional needs. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on choosing the right food for your puppy and recommend feeding schedules and portion sizes to help maintain a healthy weight.

7. Behavior and Training: Early socialization and training are important for shaping your puppy's behavior and ensuring they become well-behaved and well-adjusted adults. Enroll your puppy in puppy socialization classes and obedience training classes to help them develop good manners and social skills. Your veterinarian can also offer advice on behavior management and address any behavioral concerns you may have. Learn more about socialization here.

8. Wellness Exams: Regular wellness exams are essential for monitoring your puppy's health and detecting any changes or abnormalities early on. Schedule wellness exams with your veterinarian every 6-12 months, depending on your puppy's age and health status. During these exams, your veterinarian will perform a comprehensive physical examination, discuss preventive care recommendations, and address any concerns you may have about your puppy's health and well-being.


Normal puppy veterinary care is essential for setting the foundation for a lifetime of health and happiness. By providing regular veterinary care, vaccinations, parasite control, dental care, proper nutrition, and behavioral training, you can help ensure your puppy grows up to be a healthy, well-adjusted member of your family. Be proactive about your puppy's health and well-being, and consult with your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about their care. With proper veterinary care and attention, you can give your puppy the best start in life and enjoy many years of companionship together.


Welcoming a new puppy into your home is an exciting and rewarding experience, but it also comes with the responsibility of providing proper veterinary care to ensure your furry friend grows up healthy and happy. From vaccinations to wellness exams, regular veterinary care is essential for maintaining your puppy's well-being and preventing health issues in the future. In this article, we'll discuss the key components of normal puppy veterinary care and why they are important for your puppy's health.